Blog

17
lis

Jews in Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

Among the victims of the extermination in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, the Jews suffered the most. From the first days of the war, they were forced into ghettos and treated horribly, and then sent to various concentration camps. What was the life of Jews like in KL Auschwitz? The followers of Judaism were present in...
Read More
16
lis

Art in Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

In the collections of the Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau, we can admire one of the world’s largest collections of camp art. It was created by prisoners on their initiative, of course illegally, using tools they had stolen in various ways. The prisoners created portraits, self-portraits, greeting cards, or pictures documenting what happened in the camp....
Read More
15
lis

The clergy in KL Auschwitz

The clergy, like the intelligentsia, were treated very brutally during World War II. Priests and monks were also taken during roundups or arrests. The clergymen were then also brought to Auschwitz as political prisoners. However, the clergy had an additional marking: on the red triangles, a black circle was added or, as some say, a...
Read More
25
paź

Work groups in KL Auschwitz

The extermination camp prisoners were also greatly used for free labour. Although it was more than backbreaking work beyond strength. To organize this work, the Nazis established commandos id est units to which prisoners were assigned. What exactly did they do? The commando was a group of workers, which could consist of a few or...
Read More
15
paź

The Reports of Auschwitz-Birkenau

Several testimonies remain after the tragic events in Auschwitz. Books based a bit on facts, a bit on fiction of authors, who are often only the grandsons of the survivors, are gaining in popularity. However, one testimony of the camp life was written right after leaving, or rather after escaping from KL Auschwitz. The author...
Read More
09
paź

KL Auschwitz III – Monowitz

The Auschwitz concentration camp was an entire camp complex. The main camp was Auschwitz, while Birkenau and Monowitz were to be sub-camps. Eventually, both were converted into concentration camps. Today we take a closer look at Auschwitz III-Monowitz, which was ruled by industry. The construction of the camp started in 1941 on the initiative of...
Read More
Auschwitz Birkenau Museum in Oswiecim Brzezinka tour visit
28
wrz

History of The Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum 

Soon after the liberation of the KL Auschwitz camp and the complete end of the war, the Polish Ministry of Culture and Art decided to set up a museum on the site of the extermination camp, commemorating the tragic fate of millions of people. Thus, on July 2nd, 1947, the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum was...
Read More
24
wrz

Unknown hero of Auschwitz Birkenau

When we hear about KL Auschwitz-Birkenau, and especially about the officers working there, the image of the „evil guard” comes to mind. One who beats, challenges, humiliates, and does everything to make the prisoners’ lives difficult. Today we want to tell you about one of the first prisoners who worked in one of the most...
Read More
21
wrz

The role of sport in KL Auschwitz

In Auschwitz, sport played an important and dual function. On one hand, it provided the prisoners with entertainment in their free time – in the evenings or on Sundays. On the other hand, it provided entertainment for the Kapos and SS-men. Sport was also an excellent tool for punishing and torture. Millions of people of...
Read More
18
wrz

Bartoszewski – an extraordinary prisoner from KL Auschwitz

Władysław Bartoszewski was a very famous Pole. He was The Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, Righteous Among the Nations, and representative of the „Columbus” generation. He also was a prisoner of KL Auschwitz for 199 days, inmate number 4427. He was one of the few who did not come out „through the...
Read More
17
wrz

Art at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

Today Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum owns one of the largest collections of art made in or related to the Auschwitz concentration camp. These artworks due to the extreme conditions in which they were made stand as a testimony to a time, place, and emotion that was Auschwitz. Artworks made in Auschwitz enable us to discover...
Read More
15
wrz

Establishing the Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau

After the war and liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp, its two main camps, main camp Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II, also known as Birkenau, were in the hands of the Soviet military. The Soviet army established a field hospital in the main camp and with help of the Polish Red Cross and their hospital started...
Read More
29
sie

Auschwitz – Women’s Camp

Of all registered inmates at Auschwitz, 30 percent were female with the first mass transport of 999 non-Jewish female prisoners from the Ravensbrück concentration camp on March 26, 1942. All of which were classified as criminal, asocial, and political prisoners and were brought to Auschwitz as founder functionaries of the women’s camp. These first women...
Read More
26
sie

Auschwitz – Tattoos and Numbers

Upon entering Auschwitz, prisoners were assigned a camp serial number which was sewn to their uniforms. This serial number was not issued to the prisoners sent directly to the gas chambers and was not registered. Prisoners who were in the infirmary or who were going to be executed were marked by the SS authorities by...
Read More
18
sie

Auschwitz – SS garrison

Establishment of Auschwitz concentration camp on 27 April 1940 on Himmler’s order Rudolf Höss became the first commandant of Auschwitz. Höss lived in a two-story stucco house near the commandants and administration building with his wife and two children. With his deputy Josef Kramer, Höss served as commandant of Auschwitz until November 11, 1943, when...
Read More
03
sie

Auschwitz – Escapes

With Tadeusz Wiejowski being the first prisoner able to escape from Auschwitz on July 6, 1940, according to Polish historian Henryk Świebocki, at least 802 prisoners attempted their escape from Auschwitz. Świebocki writes that of 802 escape attempts, 144 were successful, 327 failed, and were caught, while the fate of 331 remains unknown. Moreover, the...
Read More
27
lip

The legacy of Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp

After the liberation of Auschwitz Birkenau concentration camp, became a primary symbol of the Holocaust. Timothy D. Snyder, a historian, comments that the reputation and symbolism of Auschwitz can be attributed to the unusual combination of industrial camp complex and killing facility, as well as the camp’s high death toll. As a result, more witnesses...
Read More
19
lip

„Polish death camp” controversy

The term ‘’Polish death camp’’ or ‘’Polish concentration camp’’ when used about concentration camps and extermination camps established by Nazi Germany in German-occupied Poland have been widely recognized as misnomers. These phrases although occasionally used by politicians and mass media about the camps’ geographical location in German-occupied Poland met strong resistance from the Polish officials...
Read More
Auschwitz Birkenau Museum in Oswiecim Brzezinka tour visit
13
lip

Auschwitz II-Birkenau – construction

Himmler visited Auschwitz I in March of 1941, and upon closer inspection of the camp, he ordered Auschwitz expansion. According to Peter Hayer, the Polish underground notified the Polish government-in-exile on the 10th of January 1941, that the Auschwitz concentration camp could accommodate roughly 7,000 prisoners and plans were made for the expansion to hold...
Read More
08
lip

Auschwitz concentration camp – Crematoria II-V

With the first gas chamber in Auschwitz II operational by March 1942, the first transport of Polish Jews was sent from Silesia and Zagłębie Dąbrowskie by the Gestapo. These first Jewish prisoners were taken straight from the Oświęcim freight station to the gas chamber in Auschwitz II on or around 20 March 1942 and buried...
Read More